The income investor (financial) is divided into capital gains, dividends and interests. Dividends: part of the profits of a company distributed to shareholders. The saver who invests shares in a company becomes a co-owner of that company's share. Capital gains or gains: difference between the purchase price and the selling price of a financial instrument, share, bond, future, etc. The investor, with a difficult trading job, tries to gain on the difference in price, but very seriously risks of losing. Interests: gain of the loaned capital. The investor, investing in (ie buying) bonds issued or by state (BTP, BOT, Bund ...) or by private companies (corporate), lends them money, risking not having them back (Cirio bond, Argentine bonds), and in exchange for an interest. Nearly nothing is used, however, deposits and current accounts, even the latter often make net costs for the account holder. In all three types of income it is an income and therefore a real gain, alone if it is okay the monetary growth of the savings money is higher than the loss of value, otherwise it is a real loss (or negative real return). When monetary gains are lower than actual inflation, savers lose money; In some parts of the world such as Italy, these are penalized by taxation and burdensome fiscal burdens from inflation. In summary, the fact is due, it is since, the effect is inflated: instead the tax affects all income, even that part canceled by the loss of purchasing power of savings.
The income investor is one in the broadest sense who in broad sense makes investments based on the fact that they can make cash in the form of dividends, interest or capital gains and can therefore apply a strategy of buying shares in a company that pays dividends. He can also, when the term is used broadly, encompass investments in bonds or even property and never take a job for the money, borrow from friends or date someone based solely on their bank account. Similarly, you should never reach for just any high-dividend stock. In recent years of low rates and paltry returns, yield-hungry investors have been drawn to dividend stocks which, at one time, traded at discounts to the rest of the market. However, this valuation advantage has since diminished, raising the question of whether these stocks have become overbought.
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